Common law exists in writing—as must any law that is to be applied consistently—in the written decisions of judges. Under this older view, the legal profession considered it no part of a judge's duty to make new or change existing law, but only to expound and apply the old.
The court nevertheless explained the position to the appellant and asked him, twice, whether he made the admissions; and twice, the appellant said that he did. We have mentioned only cases in this court. The consequence is an expectation that SP will die within days. Rather it is to protect public confidence in the administration of justice, without which the standard of conduct of all those who may have business before the courts is likely to be weakened, if not destroyed.
Mr Eugene Terre Blanche, the leader of the Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging, had been sentenced to two concurrent sentences of imprisonment, six years for attempted murder and one year for assault with intent to do grievous bodily harm.
In the final analysis it is the people who have to believe in the integrity of their judges. A fact, if not disputed, would be accepted by the general public.
Cardozo's new "rule" exists in no prior case, but is inferrable as a synthesis of the "thing of danger" principle stated in them, merely extending it to "foreseeable danger" even if "the purposes for which it was designed" were not themselves "a source of great danger".
On 11 March Mr Blavo applied to set aside the second statutory demand. All the presumptions of law independent of evidence are in favor of innocence; and every person is presumed to be innocent until he is proved guilty.
In effect, so he contended, the reputation of judges and the integrity of the judicial process would be best served by its unceasing and manifest integrity: In my view neither criticism is well-founded. The defendants now appeal on two grounds: For Urdu I cite William E. This discretion will not be interfered with unless the Crown has exercised it for some oblique or improper reason: Whether one is looking at an allegedly scandalising statement, or an allegedly defamatory or fraudulent one, this particular part of the enquiry has to ask what the effect of the statement was likely to have been.
It is not unheard of in this country for judicial officers to be lambasted by senior political figures for alleged lack of assiduity.
Lawyers can't reveal a client's oral or written statements to anyone. Together, they ask the Court to make orders to give effect to their agreement.
Y is the child of the First and Second Respondent parents. On 16 August the paper featured a report which, in translation, reads as follows: It is a doubt that a reasonable man can seriously entertain.
The constitutionality of the summary procedure  Having determined the substantive question, the next line of enquiry is to ascertain whether the procedural question, namely whether the option allowed to a judge to summon a suspected scandaliser to appear before her or him to answer to a summary charge of contempt of court, constitutes a limitation of any of the fundamental rights protected by the Bill of Rights.Titles for government attorneys in criminal cases include: (a) prosecutors (b) district attorneys (c) attorneys general.
If a defendant in a criminal case is indigent, the defendant might be represented by a public defender. When we say our legal system is an adversarial system, we mean that our method of resolving a legal dispute is. The United States Courts website states that the standard of proof in a criminal case is "beyond a reasonable doubt." This level or proof means that the evidence against the defendant is strong enough that there is no reasonable doubt as to the individual's guilt.
standard of proof The amount of evidence which a plaintiff (or prosecuting attorney, in a criminal case) must present in a trial in order to win is called the standard of proof. Different cases require different standards of proof depending on what is at stake.
The pages below are initially ordered according to the dates on which they were added to the site (most recent first). The order can be changed by clicking on the symbol beside a column heading: click on the symbol beside "Page and summary" for alphabetical order; click beside "Categories" for the order in which the cases were reported.
Standard of Proof The level of certainty and the degree of evidence necessary to establish proof in a criminal or civil proceeding.
The standard of proof in a criminal trial is generally beyond a resonable doubt, whereas a civil case generally requires the lesser standard of preponderance of the evidence. What is the different "standard of proof" between a civil and a criminal case?
In a civil case, the jury has to determine whether the preponderance of evidence proves the plaintiff wins whereas in a criminal case, the jury must prove beyond all reasonable doubt.Download